Value Creation Model

Focusing on generating growth, long-term value and sustainability through our strategic priorities

For more information on Strategic Priorities, refer to Strategic Framework


Financial capital

` 79,465 crore

Net worth

` 58,159 crore

Gross debt

` 822 crore


` 36,201 crore

Cash & cash equivalent investments

Natural Capital

411.3 mt

R&R at Zinc India of 411.3 million tonnes, containing 35.7 million tonnes of zinc-lead metal and 1.0 billion ounces of silver

303.6 mt

R&R at Zinc International of 303.6 million tonnes, containing 20.5 million tonnes of zinc-lead metal

7,066 mmboe

Gross proved and probable hydrocarbons initially in place the Oil & Gas business: 7,066 mmboe

4,090,786 mwh

Electricity used

242 million m3

Water consumed

293 mt

Coal used

Human Capital and Intellectual Capital

c. 65,000

Employees, including contractors

c. 900

HSE employees, including contractors

890,389 man-hours

Safety training

c. 115

Number of geologists, including contractors

Technology used

  • Energy-efficient ISA SMELT technology used for copper smelting at Tuticorin
  • Collaborated with GAMI, a renowned technical consultant of China for setup of an aluminium smelter
  • Polymer-enhanced oil recovery and alkaline surfactant polymers used to boost recovery in the Oil and Gas segment

Social and Relationship Capital

` 244 crore

Community investment

  • Rated by two domestic rating agencies – CRISIL and India Ratings
  • Strong network of over 29 global and domestic relationship banks

c. 5,800

Number of suppliers


Number of Independent Directors

Manufactured Capital

` 79,330 crore

Property, plant and equipment

` 16,140 crore

Capital WIP

  • Expansion of mining/smelting capacities in Zinc, Aluminium and Copper
  • Debottlenecking of smelters at Zinc and Aluminium
  • Oil & Gas projects in progress to increase production volumes

We operate across the mining value chain focusing on long-life and low-cost assets in India and Africa


We invest selectively in exploration and appraisal to extend mine and reservoir life.


We develop world-class assets, using the latest technology to optimise productivity.


We operate low-cost mines and oil fields, with a clear focus on safety and efficiency.


We focus on operational excellence and high asset utilisation to deliver top-quartile cost performance and strong cash flow.


We supply our commodities to customers in a wide range of industry sectors, from automotive to construction, from energy to consumer goods.


We manage our long-life assets as effectively as possible and return them to a natural state at the end of their useful life.


Financial capital

` 92,923 crore


` 25,470 crore

EBITDA (Margin - 36%)

` 7,880 crore

FCF post capex



` 8,025 crore

Attributable PAT

Natural Capital


Water recycled

1.3 million m3

Water savings


Waste recycled

52 million TCO2e

GHG emitted


Fly ash utilisation rate

Human Capital and Intellectual Capital

` 2,496 crore

Total remuneration, wages & incentives paid


Attrition rate


Diversity ratio

0.35 per million man-hours worked



Employees covered under mentoring and support programmes


Digital solutions at Gamsberg and SK mine

Social and Relationship Capital

` 7,881 crore

Record interim dividends paid

` 33,000 crore

Dividends, royalties and taxes paid to the Government

3.36 million

People impacted by our CSR programmes in 1,400+ villages


Youths provided with vocational skills to find employment


Nand Ghars (women-child welfare centres) operational

Manufactured Capital

  • Record production at Zinc India and Aluminium business

7.6 mt

Sales of Iron Ore

10.9 mtpa (ore)

Production capacity-Zinc

c. 600 tonnes

Production capacity

c. 2 mtpa

Production capacity

200 kboepd

Production capacity
-Oil (Gross)